The traveling guide of Chengdu
>>The mausoleum of Wang Jian
The mausoleum of Wang Jian was the mausoleum of Wang Jian who was the first emperor of the Qianshu Country in the period of Five Dynasty and Ten Country in China. It locates in the Fuqin East Road which is in the prosperous avenue of area in Chengdu. It is the first national point cultural object protection unit.
Wnag Jian was the outstanding representative of the feudalism rulers in the period of Five Dynasty. He was diligent in politics, strived for courageously, respected the talented person to know the person allow, accepted to keep the speech well, was kindness to fellowmen private soldiers, advised the lesson agriculture mulberry development production, the achievement was famous. Qianshu Country became a country of the most stable society and the the most strong nation in national strength at that time because he worked hard. Chengdu also became the most prosperous metropolis at that time in China.
The museum of the mausoleum of Wang Jian is the national special subject museum; the park environment is grace, birds' twitter and fragrance of flower. Everyday the emperor's mausoleum rooms and the cultural object exhibition opens to the Chinese and Foreign visitors. There is the tea garden which is the most famous divine spot for tasting tea in the museum. There is musical performance with the music instruments of the palace of Shu Country to satisfy Chinese and Foreign visitor's orders.
>>The beauty spots in the area of Chengdu City - The Wenshu Yard
The Wenshu Yard which covers 82 mu is one of the four greatest bushes in the west of Sichuan in Qing Dynasty. It is the impartment Buddhism temple in the area of the Han nationality in the whole country, is the province-class cultural object protection unit and is the place of the Buddhism consortium of the city and province now. Its precursor is the Miaoyuan tower in Tang Dynasty, it was called Xinxiang Temple in Song Dynasty. The old temple was ruined in battle in Ming Dynasty. It was renamed the Wenshu Yard after rebuilt in 1691. It became the scale now by much repairings after setting up the park.
There are more than 200 gorgeous Buddha images which were made of iron, copper, store or jade in the Wenshu Yard. The 10 of Hujie Buddha images in Shuofu Hall were made in Song Dynasty. The five important palaces which are Tianwang Palace, Sandashi Palace, Daxiongbao Palace, Shuofa Palace and Changjing Building are on the on-line one by one in order. There are the clock and drum building, Zai hall and rooms on the two sides. They were made of wood and stones. The wall which is opposite the door of the temple was written the Wenshu Yard that are three gold words by Haiyue who was the monk in the temple in the period of Kangxi. There are the gold words which are the Old Xinxiang Temple above the door of the temple. About 500 books and paintings which were written by famous persons after the Tang Dynasty are hidden in the temple. About 300 were listed as the national-class protection. More than 120,000 volumeseses sutras are hidden in the temple. There are also real object in Han Dynasty such as engrave, carves, embroiders etc.
>>The grass hall of Du Fu
The grass hall of Du Fu locates nearly the Wanhua River in the west suburb of Chengdu City. It was the past reside of Du Fu who had been called the poem saint or the history of poems and was a realism poet when he visited in Chengdu. Du Fu came to Chengdu from Ganshu and built up a grass house which was the Wanliqiaoxiyichaotang to live in order to avoid Anshizhiluan in 759. He lived here for 5 years and wrote more than 240 poems. The grass hall has died out, later people all repaired it, later the history all repairs, the existing main building contain a big hall, Fashi Hall, Caimen, the Gongbu Temple, Shaoling Grass Hall, the stone tablet station...etc. There are about 30 thousand precious cultural objects in the Grass Hall Museum. They are the precious historical datas for studying Du Fu.
The total area of the grass hall is 300 mu, the gallery structure in the interval layout tightly packed. The copper color statuary of Du Fu which is in the Fashi Hall is generous and ancient. The clay statuary of Du Fu which is in the Gongbu Temple is lifelike and let persons admire.
There are small bridge, flowing water, Plum Park, the bamboo and grove interleave court, and there are also the plum of spring, the lotus of summer, the chrysanthemum of autumn, the orchids of winter inside the grass hall. They can appreciate, place oneself among them, let person for current hair thou of deep thoughts, and then enjoy the romance of the great universe.
>>The temple of Wuhou
The temple of Wuhou which covers 56 mu locates in the suburb of Chengdu City. It is the main tour place for remembering Zhuge Liang who was the minister of Shuhan Country in China. It also is the main tour and visiting spot in Chengdu City. It was built up in Tang Dynasty. Du Fu who was the famous poet in Tang Dynasty had written a poem which was that where look for the temple of the minister, it was in the Pabo forest outside the Jinguan city. The temple of Wuhou now was rebuilt in the period of Kangxi in Qing Dynasty. It was near the Xiandi Temple and the mausoleum of Liu Bei. The main buildings of the temple of Wuhou are falled into five parts which are the big door, the second door, the Liu Bei Hall, the Guo Hall and the Zhuge Liang Hall. They are on the on-line which is from south to north strictly.
While entering the front door, in the thick cluster of shade, there are standing six stone tablets. The biggest one which was written the stone tablet of the temple of Wuhou has very high cultural object value and is called the three unique stone tablet. The article was edited by Pei Du who was the famous minister in Tang Dynasty, was written by Liu Gongcuo who was a famous calligraphist and was carved by Lu Ban who was a famous artisan. All are very consummate, so it was called three unique stone tablets. Inscription to the brief but tragically heroic whole life, made the point to praise him; Make greatest efforts to praise the bright high and upright character of him, the text cures the fighting skill, and with this ruling the encourages of the Tang Dynasty. The inscription praises the bright rule of law thought of him of prize specially, Ma Su had no earful because of lost the street station to be cut by law by the bright place, at time of execution, Ma Su mean that the oneself die. Li Yan and Liao Li two people were all pared the convict that job banish, but they also from sweet plead guilty. When they knew he died of illness, they were very sad. They all belong to the historical fact, Pei Du praised him according to the history, make person admire, the sentences are very, the style of writing is free, make person read and don't be disgusted with it. He is a posterity the admiration and return because he had the classic thought and styles; disadvantageous is private with the job tactics. He was clay-cold to bury under the Dingjun Mountain in Mian country of Shanxi. He requested to depend on the mountain to build the last home in the last will and testament, the grave could permit the coffin went, wearing the common clothes while lay in coffin, did not need the artifacts with bury.
While entering the second door, the impressive-looking and spacious Liu Bei Hall presents in the moment. The gild statue of Liu Bei is in the center, the statue of Liu Chan who was his grandson is his left. Why isn¡¯t there the position of Liu Shan who was his son? It is said that because Liu Shan was incapable, couldn¡¯t guard the property. His statue was destroyed for twice in Song Dynasty and Ming Dynasty. So it didn¡¯t make. The statues of Guan Yu, Guan Ping and Zhou Chang are in the east hall, the statues of Zhang Fei, his sons and his grandsons in the west hall. There are 14 statues of civilians and 14 statues of officers in east and west rooms. Go out the Liu Bei Hall, cross the Guo hall, then you will arrive at the Zhuge Liang Hall. The gild statue of Zhuge Liang who wear the silk head dress, hand to keep the feather fan is in the center of the hall. Three copper drums in front of the statue are called Zhuge Drums. It is rumored that they were made when Zhuge Liang lead troops in south. There are exquisite pattern wood grains on the drums; they are precious history cultural objects. Go out it, turn west, you can arrive at the mausoleum of Liu Bei which is called Hui Mausoleum. Then it is the cultural object exhibit room in the temple of Wuhou which was written by Guo Moruo after going out the Hui Mausoleum. There are the reproductions of the cultural objects of Shuhan and the Three Kingdoms¡¯ history pictures to display. The calligraphies and scrolls of Wuhou are many. The Chushibiao which was written by Yue Fei who was a patriotic famous general in Song Dynasty and Longzhongdui who was written by Shen Yimo who was a modern calligraphist are the most arrestive.
>>The Wangjianglou Park
The Wangjianglou Park locates at the side of the banks of Jin River near the Jiuyan Bridge in Chengdu. It is rumored that Xeu Tao who was a female poet of Tang Dynasty once took the well water here, made poem labels and left many moving poems. Some buildings such as Chongli Pavilion, Zhuojin Building, Ruanqian Station, Wuyunxian Building, Liubei Pond, Quanxiangxie etc. were built up in Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty.
While entering the front door, what to come into view are exuberant bamboo groves, because Xue Tao loved the bamboo in her whole life, the posterity plants each kind of good bamboo in the park, among them having a few articles, such as the Rennian bamboo, the Mile bamboo, the square bamboo, the Guanyin bamboo, the chicken claw bamboo...etc. The species amounts to more than 100. Among them don't lack the world delicacy, the tail of phoenix is dark, the dragon sing small and soft, verdant all the year round, the interesting aspect is endless, wander about unhurriedly in the interval, make person vulgar to read aloud to eliminate.
The Chongli Pavilion which is so called Wangjianglou and more than 30 meters high became once the symbol of Chengdu. Xue Tao loved bamboo; the park also takes bamboo as the special features, the species amounts to more than 100. Among them don't lack the world delicacy, the tail of phenxi is dark, the dragon sing small and soft, verdant all the year round, the interesting aspect is endless, wander about unhurriedly in the interval, make person vulgar to read aloud to eliminate.
The greatest building in the Wangjianglou Park is the Wangjianglou which is 39 meters high. It is also called Chongli Pavilion. Each layer has the elegant animal¡¯s clay figure and the person carvings. Crest of pavilion is the gold treasure crest, day of under, the golden light is flickering, dazzling brilliant. Design skillful, fly the Cape, the beam painting, impressive-looking grand view. Go up to upper floor to take a distant look, tall hero compare, river's beauties of spring of, fulfils to accept the eye bottom. In addition, sing a hymn the building to open on all sides, three fold to depend on mutually; two three of layers of the building, form, such as boat ship. One twice floors with adjacent to five cloud fairy buildings, constitute very rich Szechwan the park of the style building cluster.
The Wangjianglou Park locates in the luxuriant woods and tall bamboo near Jin River outside the east door of Chengdu and covers 176.5 mu. The shore stone column inside the park, a light building shade, the bamboo of green clips the way, the station pavilion reflects mutually, is the historic monument and resorts of Xue Tao of memorial Tang Dynasty, now is the cultural object protection unit of Sichuan Province. The Chongli Pavilion and Zhuojin Building are main buildings in the park.
Xue Tao lived in Changan in the past, later moved to Sichuan with his father. She was clever and enjoyed learning since childhood. Her family was poor after her father died. She was good at music and writing. It is written that Xue Tao had written 500 poems. The famous poets in her period such as Yuan Zhen, Du Mu, Bai Juyi etc. all worshiped her and wrote the poem to sing each other. Regrettable these verses are mostly lost, spreading to save more than 90 heads up to now only; the wood-carved separate edition of Hongduji went a life time at the end of Qing Dynasty. Xue Tao in her old age once lived in Bijifang to make a kind of dark red small marker which is called the marker of Xue Tao. She was clay-cold to bury in neighborhood of the Wangjianglou Park.
>>The Dujiang Weir
The Dujiang Weir is west of the Dujiangyan City in Sichuan. It is a great ancient marine hydraulic engineering and is called the brilliant bright pearl of the ancient water conservancy construction. At the same time, the scenery is beautiful there, there are a few famous spot historic monuments, and it is a very ideal resort again. The Dujiang Weir locates at the place where the Min River goes into the plain of Chengdu from the mountain area. Before the project was built up, the disasters were so much.
In the the period of the Zhanguo which is apart from now about 2200 years, Li Bing who was the office of the Shu country in Qin Country and his sons absorbed the experience for curing water of the past people, lead the local people and built the marine hydraulic engineering. After the Dujiang Weir was finished, the economic and culture of Sichuan had much development, the people be subjected to the benefit much. The people are subjected to the benefit much. The engineering keeps the function now.
The Dujiang Weir receives a few foreign visitors annually, some of them are water conservancy experts. After watching carefully the design of the whole project, some water conservancy experts admire the high science level of the project. The weir can lead the irrigation of water in the peacetime, in the hour of flood then can drain into the outside river, and still have the function of line up the freestone, sometimes the very big piece of stone can also roll to walk from the weir. Had no cement at that time, so big engineering¡¯s all acquired necessary material locally, packing the egg stone to make the weir with the bamboo baskets to be cheaper, the result showed well.
There are a few famous spot historic monuments near the Dujiang Weir. The Fulong Temple was built up on the top of Lidui, palace three heavy, stand erect, following the mountain power to pursue the class to go up. The statuary of Li Bing which is 2.9 meters high, 4.5 tons heavy is displayed in front hall. The stone statue was built in the period of Hanlingdi, has been already more than 1800 years from now. It is the earliest stone statue in our country and is very precious.
There is a Erwang Temple which was for remembering the achievement of curing water of Li Bing and his son on the Yulei Mountain. It was firstly built up in Nanbei Dynasty, called Chongde Temple. Li Bing and his son were sealed the king hereafter after the Song Dynasty, it renamed the Erwang Temple. The existing building now was rebuilt in the Qing Dynasty. The temple depends on the mountain to take the power, built-up but up, the grandiosity is beautiful, thick shade of on all sides and ancient wood, the environment is quietly beautiful. The statuaries of them are in the front hall and behind hall. There are the formulas of curing water on the stone wall of the temple.
Anlan Bridge which is above the Minjiang River in front of Erwang Temple crosses the cutwater of the Inside River and Outside River and is a rope bridge. It was firstly built before Song Dynasty, died out in the battle at the end of Ming Dynasty and was repaired in 1803. The rope bridge lines up the stone to accept to give with the wood, uses thick horizontal to fly the river to face such as the bamboo cable of the rim of bowl, spread the wooden board up to face for the bridge, the both sides take the bamboo rope as the column, all growing about 500 meters. Take a stroll the bridge up, the west hopes the river to wear the mountain to roar since then, the east hopes to infuse the horizontal, river the engineering all and its function is also clear at a glance.